Political Parties

One of the best things about working for a political party is that both employees and employers must obey the law. In cases where are disputes or differences in opinion the right move is to seek employment law advice.

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This is because no organization or institution is above the law. In any case, political parties sponsor candidates and produce political leaders. This is why employees of these parties must obey the rule of law.


Understanding Political Parties

A political party is a group of people who hold the same political beliefs. These people come together and formally apply for the registration of their political party. If they meet the requirements of the relevant regulatory body, their application is approved and they can field candidates for elective positions. The ultimate aim of a political party is not positions in government but the implementation of the party's ideology.


Funding of Political Parties

Political parties are not government agencies so they cannot get any funding from local state or federal governments. Political parties are funded by donation and contributions of political party members. In some cases, political parties can be funded by trade unions (Example: The Labour Party). There are instances where political parties receive donations from international philanthropic organisations or even foreign governments. This usually happens in poor countries or countries with a fledgling democracy. Countries recovering from a civil war a devastating natural disaster can also receive financial assistance from foreign governments or rich individuals abroad. In most countries, the federal government imposes strict regulations on donations to political parties and campaign funds. This ensures that the political system is not manipulated.


Party Manifesto

Every political party has a party manifesto, colours, party logo and other things that depict party identity. Members of political parties are expected to be loyal to their parties. They are subject to internal party discipline measures so they should accept the decisions of the party even if they are not necessarily happy with such decisions.


Selecting Candidates for Elections

Before every major election, political parties select party flag bearers who will contest at local, state or federal level. This selection process involves only the party members (candidates and delegates) and takes a number of different forms. The candidates for every position may emerge by consensus, direct primaries or indirect primaries.


Campaigning for Political Positions

When a candidate has won at the primaries, the campaigns begin. In this case, the candidate faces stiff competition from the candidates of other parties. Candidates contesting for public office persuade voters to vote for them by presenting the party manifesto, explaining their programmes and getting endorsements from relevant power brokers in the community.


Winning Elections and Forming Governments

When a politician wins an election, he or she can get sworn into office by the state or federal Attorney-General. In cases where the politician who lost is not happy with the outcome of the election, he or she can seek redress in a court of law or an election tribunal. This is why political parties need legal help.


Final Word

In most countries, it is not possible hold public office unless the candidate is sponsored by a political party. This is why political parties are so important in a democratic system of government.